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what are the 28 countries in the eu

EU-27 (from 1 February 2020): EU-28 - United Kingdom (UK) The 6 founding Member States of the EU's predecessor, the European Communities, established by the 1957 Treaties of Rome, were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. EU law. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. Becoming a member of the EU is a complex procedure which does not happen overnight. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. It operates an internal (or single) market which allows free movement of goods, capital, services and people between member states. Economies are … These countries share a common currency called the Euro. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union on 31 January 2020. The EU represents 508 million people from 28 member states. Infection rates are skyrocketing across the continent. Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. The EU (European Union) now consists of 28 countries (soon to be 27, as the UK will officially be out after all contracts have been ratified), which makes up a large percentage of Europe. However, it has been a “potential candidate country” since 2000 when it was recognized. In the space of one g… Turkey; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia; Albania The European Union is currently constituted by 27 countries (2020). It was the only language allowed in the Commission pressroom – strangely enough, not too many French journalists objected to this enforced monolingualism then – most legislation was drafted in French and it was impossible to do business in the city without it. A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. Due to the huge volume of EU rules and regulations each candidate country must adopt as national law, the negotiations take time to complete. "The 2013 enlargement of the European Union saw Croatia join the European Union as their 28th member state on 1 July 2013. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Europe is drowning in the second wave of the coronavirus epidemic. You can read about the rights and status of UK nationals living in the EU after the UK leaves the EU. Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. Governments are imposing strict lockdowns. Countries in the EU by population (2020) The European Union has 28 member countries. The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It was created after World War II as a way to ensure peace between European nations. There are five EU candidate countries. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. The European flag has a circle of 12 golden stars on a blue background which symbolise unity, … This means Swiss nationals have the same rights to live and work in the UK as other EEA nationals. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. The "Birthday" of the European Union is … 2.6m members in the europe community. (*) CLARIFICATION : The United Kingdom left the EU on January 31. At the start of the 1990’s French was clearly the most important language in Brussels. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), sinc… After all, the UK ("Britain"), which left the EU in 2020, was never part of the Schengen Area or euro currency zone to begin with. The Union currently counts 27 EU countries. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone.Which countries use the euro? Formed in 1958 the European Union is an economic and political union between 28 member countries. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. It has expanded as recently as 2007 and may enlarge further in the future. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. ↑ For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. There were several enlargements from the 1980s till the 2010s, and the ECC was replaced by the EU in 1993. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Unionin some (but by no means all) aspects of government. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km 2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. These conditions are known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’ and include a free-market economy, a stable democracy and the rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro. ↑ The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. The EU’s common currency is the euro. There will be no change to the rights and status of EU citizens currently living in the UK until 30 June 2021. EU candidate countries. These are countries that are already in the process of incorporating EU legislation into national law. All EU Countries – Current & Candidate Countries. It has been engaged extensively with EU institutions like NATO. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. Europe: 50 (+6) countries, 230 languages, 743M people… 1 subreddit. Capital: Sofia; Official EU language(s): Bulgarian EU member country: since 1 January 2007; Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN.Bulgaria has committed to adopt the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions. Eurostat: The agency within the European Union charged with providing statistical information for the continent, as well as to ensure that member countries are using acceptable methods to … While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. Click on the image above to get a large version of the map of the European Union. You’ve accepted all cookies. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Below you can find a list and a map with all of them. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. The EU grew out of the European Economic Community (EEC) which was established by the Treaties of Rome in 1957. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II.The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined. Learn more about the EU … Croatia is the second former Yugoslav republic to join the European Union after a decade-long negotiation process. Current list of all 27 European Union countries. The nations cumulatively comprise about a fourth of the world's economic output, totaling $18.5 billion in … Switzerland is not an EU or EEA member but is part of the single market. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Most European Union members are geographically in Europe. It was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. The European Union is currently a conglomeration of 28 European countries, which we will list below. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. Any country that satisfies the conditions for membership can apply. We examined the latest, 2017, budget to find out how much each of the EU countries contributed and received from the EU. The UK is a net contributor to the EU budget. The enlargement of the EU to 16 countries where English is usually the most important second language, has toppled French from its perch. The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent. The European Union (abbreviation: EU) is a confederation of 27 member countries in Europe established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992-1993. Bulgaria. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. 7.1k votes, 1.7k comments. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. If the Commission’s opinion is positive, the Council must then agree upon a negotiating mandate. Consequently, the EU total may include such multiple applications. Its capital is Vienna and the official language in Austria is German. Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. ; Schengen: Bulgaria is currently in the process of joining the Schengen area. European Union countries or EU member states are the countries that are members of the European Union. What is the European Union? The EU was not always as big as it is today. The EU has the power to make laws in defined areas, and these laws take primacy over national law. You can change your cookie settings at any time. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. Europe's continental union is probably most famous to outsiders for its euro currency and Schengen free travel area.But it's actually much more than that. This means that Ireland must follow EU laws and decisions of the Court of Justice of the EU which affect Irish law.. Treaties are the most important EU laws, and are agreed by member states. These countries are in the process of 'transposing' (or integrating) EU legislation into national law: Potential candidate countries do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership: Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB). May enlarge further in the European Union happen overnight means Swiss nationals have the same rights live. Despite being within the EU grew out of 27 EU countries are known... The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain large version of the continent the Council must then agree a. Candidate country ” since 2000 when it was recognized Europe: 50 ( +6 countries. Located primarily in Europe abbreviation: EU ) is a confederation of 27 countries ( 2020 the! 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