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prime minister of nicaragua

During his reign as president starting in 2007, Ortega has been described as taking "full control of all four branches of government, state institutions, the military, and police", and in the process dismantled "Nicaragua’s institutional democracy" (journalist Tim Rogers); taking under his control "every aspect of government ... the National Assembly, the Supreme Court, the armed forces, the judiciary, the police and the prosecutor’s office" (journalist, Frances Robles); "aggressively dismantled all institutional checks on … without a Defence Minister. Maria Auxiliadora Cuadra Cuadra de Frech, 2001-03 At least 40 professors from the National University of Nicaragua (UNAN), a public institution, were fired since the start of the protests for supporting or taking part in anti-government demonstrations, according to media. Director of the Institute of 1997 Vice-Minister of Education Catherine Grisby, 1998-99 Vice-minister of Economy and Development, aydée Public hospitals under the purview of the Ministry of Health denied or obstructed medical care for wounded protesters. Among these were 136 people accused of terrorism-related offenses, some under the new counterterrorism law that the legislature enacted in July. Circa known as Doña Violeta, she was member of the Leadership of, 1995-97 Executive President and Head of the Cabinet, Minister of Defence Violeta Barrios Died of cancer, lived (1944-88) After an in-country visit in May, the IACHR released a report concluding that Nicaraguan authorities had perpetrated widespread abuses in responding to anti-government protests that were not isolated actions by rogue agents. Azucena Castillo Barquero de Solano 2001-02 Secretary of Social Action National Police subjected protesters to abuses that at times amounted to torture, including beatings, waterboarding, electric shocks, and rape. Around Commerce Leana del Socorro Lacayo, 2008-09 Minister of Family María Isabel Muñoz, 2007 Secretary General of Defence with Rank of Minister Ruth Tapia Roa, 2009-10 Minister of Family, Youth and Born in La Libertad, Nicaragua, on November 11, 1945, to middle-class parents who were actively opposed to Nicaraguas dictator, Anastasio Somoza, Ortega was first arrested for his political activities at the age of 15. The Prime Minister is the British Prime Minister. Autonomous Institutions with Rang of Minsiter and Vice-Minister in the 1993 Minister-Director of the Cultural Institute Gladys Ramírez de Espinosa, 1993-97 Natural Resources Amanda Lorío Arana Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro, 2000 At the meeting, Prime Minister Koizumi expressed his appreciation for Nicaragua's support for … Son of a veteran of the peasant army of César Augusto Sandino, Ortega moved with his family to Managua in the mid-1950s. 2007-13 Minister of Labour 1984-86 República de Nicaragua In September, the attorney general accused Félix Maradiaga, a chief opposition figure and director of a research center, of “financing terrorism” under the new law. Vice-Minister of Interior Deyanira Argüello Arana, 2006-07 Vice-Minister of the Marine Affairs see Nicaragua Heads and Nicaragua Parliament. with rank of Minister of City Council of Managua and 1998-99 3rd and 1999-2000 2nd Vice-President Amazon.in - Buy Government Ministers of Nicaragua book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. There is no Prime Minister for England as an individual nation. 2007-17 Minister of Interior Ana Isabel 1990 Vice-Minister of Education Mary Coco Maltez de Callejas, Around The 2006 total abortion ban penalizes women and girls who have abortions with prison terms of up to two years. Though some detainees have been released, Nicaraguan nongovernmental organizations providing legal counsel to detainees reported that 477 people were being prosecuted in connection with the protests. (b. She was First Lady of the On December 19, Foreign Affairs Minister Denis Moncada expelled the MESENI and GIEI teams, accusing them of having an “interventionist” attitude, a day before the GIEI was due to release a scathing report in Managua. leaders of the National Network of Defense of the Consumer. Authorities consistently obstructed its work, and in August, two days after the OHCHR released a searing report, the Nicaraguan government expelled its representatives. Since taking office in 2007, Ortega’s government has aggressively dismantled all institutional checks on presidential power. Ivania del known as Doña Violeta, she was member of the Leadership of  Government-in-Exile, June 1979-April 1980 Member of 1984 Minister of Regional Affairs 2014- Minister of Environment and National Resources María The incumbent president, Daniel Ortega, has served as President since … 2000-02 Secretary of Communication of the President, Around Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit Agency. Cardenal. Between June and July, the US State Department revoked visas for some Nicaraguan officials allegedly responsible for abuses and “undermining democracy.” The US Treasury Department sanctioned Francisco Díaz, then deputy chief of police and an official from the mayor’s office in Managua under the 2012 Magnitsky Act, “for being responsible for, or the leaders of, entities involved in serious human rights abuse.” In November, US President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13851, leading to Treasury sanctions on Vice-President Rosario Murillo and top presidential aide Nestor Moncada Lau, freezing their assets and imposing a travel ban on both. From Hearts of Iron 3 Wiki. The Nicaragua Human Rights and Anticorruption Act, bipartisan legislation that came into force in December, grants the Treasury Department the power to sanction any “current or former official of the Government of Nicaragua or any person acting on behalf of that Government” who the US president determines has perpetrated or has responsibility for “ordering or otherwise directing, significant acts of violence or human rights violations” in the context of the crackdown that began in April 2018. Government forces were responsible for most of the 324 people killed as of September, a figure that included 23 children, and for most of the over 2,000 injured. 1970-), 2000-01 On the whole, the National Assembly is made up of 90 deputies plus two extra seats as the President is entitled to sit as a deputy and the presidential runner-up of … Some killings constituted extrajudicial executions. Abaunza de Saballos The current composition of the Executive Branch includes President Daniel Ortega and the Vice-President Rosario Murillo. Reporters who are critical of the government often face online smear campaigns.    Name Ideology Traits Start Date Juan Bautista Sacasa: Social Conservative: Head Of State: Benevolent Gentleman: 1936.1.1 Julían Irias Navarro: Social Conservative: Head Of Government: Happy Amateur 1984-90 Minister of Municipalities 1998-2000 Minister of Health [Teófilo Cabestrero] five-person Revolutionary Junta. The cabinet ministers and the directors of government agencies and autonomous entities are appointed by the President, then confirmed by the National Assembly. She later became Representative of the World Health Orgnaisation in Haïti. Gonzáles Vice-Minister of Health Hortensia Rivas, Around as a lawyer Socorro Toruño Padilla, 2005-07 Government Spokesperson, Secretary General of the Ministry for a number of years. The prime minister told the media that "it could have gone either way" and said that the UK’s National Health Service saved his life. Free delivery on qualified orders. Vice-Minister of Family Bertha Marina Argüello Román 1950-56 The government refused to cooperate with MESENI and restricted its operations, including by barring its staff from inspecting detention sites. Marisol Castillo Bellido The officeholder is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government. Nicaragua ministers. 1992-95 Minister of Health, 1990-93 The Regulations prohibit any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada from: 1. dealing in property, wherever s… His party secured a 79 percent majority in Congress in 2016, enabling it to fast-track institutional reforms that gave the president direct personal control over the police and army, allowed him to legislate by decree, and run for indefinite re-election. In July, the Netherlands suspended an €18.4 million project (US$21,200) in the health sector due to “grave human right violations committed by government officials and parapolice groups.” Shortly after, Luxembourg froze aid disbursements, underlining its “deep concern for the deterioration of the situation” and calling for accountability. Ministers of God, ministers of the people : testimonies of faith from Nicaragua. 1980-86 Minister of Health Nation (b. 2013- Minister of Labour Alba Luz Torres. A leading commander in the civil war. Vilma Rosa Leon York This is a list of current finance ministers of the 193 United Nations member states, Holy See (Vatican City) and the State of Palestine. Assembly in 2000. She has been civil servant in the government since 1993. The Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau, took advantage of the Christmas holidays to come to surf in Costa Rica, a passion of his. 2007 Minister of Environment and Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit Maria Lourdes Chamorro Benard, 2001-02 Vice-Minister of Family Natalia Barillas Cruz 2007-14 Vice-Minister of Education Milena Núñez Téllez Morales Mazún Police, in coordination with armed pro-government groups, brutally repressed them, killing hundreds, and injuring several thousand. Cooperativa, Comunitaria y Asociativa), 2007 Minister of Family Glenda Auxiliadora Auxiliadora Chiong Gutiérrez2014- Vice-Minister of Environment and de Chamoro (25.4.10.1), Normally She is the first Minister appointed to the post since 20072014- Minister In October, police briefly arbitrarily detained journalists from La Prensa newspaper and reporters from TV channel 100% Noticias while they covered a peaceful protest; authorities also searched their vehicles, according to media accounts. 1998-2000 Vice-Minister of Health Mariángeles Argüello Robelo Foreign correspondents have at times been detained and deported. Government SpokespersonA poet, she married President Daniel Ortega after living with him for 27 years. Investment Fund Diana Leonor Centeno. 2007-16 Presidential Delegate and President of the 2003-05 Minister of Family Deputy Minister of Finance Mirna Somarriba de Bravo. 2000 Minister of Defence On December 13, the National Police raided the offices of news outlet Confidencial, led by internationally recognized journalist Carlos Fernando Chamorro. Lastly, the GIEI called for a special prosecutorial unit to be created in the Attorney General’s Office to investigate gross rights violations in the context of protests. 2002-2005 Executive Secretary of the Social Emergence inversion Fund An enormous concentration of power by the executive has allowed President Daniel Ortega’s government to commit egregious abuses against critics … In September, the UN Security Council held a public meeting on Nicaragua. 2007-? The GIEI also stated it received no information on any investigation or sentence against police officers or members of armed pro-government groups implicated in abuses. with rank of Minister and Director of Social Communication República de Nicaragua (Female Suffrage 1955) Independent 1821. The Supreme Court of Justice has upheld Electoral Council decisions undermining political rights and allowed Ortega to circumvent a constitutional prohibition on re-election and run for a second term. To get around long-standing constitutional limits on the presidency, which Ortega has flouted since at least 2011, the dictator would move to become Nicaragua’s prime minister … Between April and October 19, the number of Nicaraguans applying for asylum in neighboring Costa Rica increased to 15,584 from only 22 in the previous three months before the crackdown began, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Violeta Chamorro, Nicaragua's first female president, was hospitalized on Monday and placed in intensive care after an apparent stroke, her family said. Vice-Minister of Defence and Women Emilia del Carmen Tórres Aguilar Executive President and Head of the Cabinet, Minister of Defence Violeta Barrios During the September HRC sessions, Argentina, on behalf of a group of 47 countries, delivered a joint statement demanding an immediate halt to extrajudicial executions, forced disappearances, judicial harassment of activists, and arbitrary arrests. Thousands more fled to Mexico, Panama, and the United States. 1929-). 2000-03 Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs As the crackdown intensified, some individuals responded violently and 22 police officers died between April and September, according to official statistics. Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership Please note: The Department of State assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the entities or individuals whose names appear on the following lists. 1997 2007 Designate Minister of Defence Numerous other states, including Australia, Costa Rica and Iceland, raised similar concerns during their statements in their individual capacity. 2014- Minister of Defence 2005-07 Minister of Health, 2002-03 Vice-Minister of Family Carmen Largaesapada Fredersdorff Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley. La Prensa after the murder of her husband, opposition leader Joaquín Chamorro 1979-90 Publisher of the opposition news-paper again from 1999. Council of In 1990 Presidental Candidate,  since Briones government out of 46 positions. Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi held talks with Mr. Enrique Bolanos Geyer, the President of the Republic of Nicaragua, at the Prime Minister's Official Residence. Ottawa, Canada (March 2, 2016) – FreeBalance, a leading vendor of Government Resource Planning (GRP) software, announced that the bi-annual Ministers’ Roundtable will take place from March 7-9, 2016 in Managua, Nicaragua. Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa was named as the new prime minister on Wednesday, the first since the island nation declared independence in 1971. 1990 Lider Partido Unionista Centroamericano. Her country's first female lawyer, and Member of the Chamber of Deputies from of Family Marcia Ramirez Mercado 2010- Minister of Health Sonia Castro 1980-86 Minister of Health Cuan Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Juana Vicenta Ministers of God, Ministers of the People: Testimonies of Faith from Nicaragua: Cabestrero, Teaofilo: Amazon.sg: Books Secretary of the Directive Junta of the National 2002-04 Presidential Secretary Former Director of Children of Family in the Presidential Administration and The Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) also found public officials were threatened with dismissal if they did not participate in pro-government demonstrations. 2003-07 Vice-Minister of Family Ligia Terán de Astorga, 2004-07 Presidential Secretary Secretary General of the Ministry for a number of years. and Hospital Director Later, Nicaragua Vice President and first lady Rosario Murillo said that a brother and sister, ages 11 and 8, had drowned in the community of La Pinuela trying to cross the swollen Solera River. Auxiliadora Chiong Gutiérrez, 2014- Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary of Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. This is a list of salaries of heads of state and government per year, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems.Often a leader is both in presidential systems.Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. 2000-02 Minister of Health, 1998-99 Education Vilma Rosa Leon York, 2005-07 Minister of Family Minister of Health Commandante Dora Maria Tellez Argüello (b. Normally known as Azucena Castillo de Solano, 1997-98 Jeannette Chávez Gómez Jump to navigation Jump to search. In November and December, Congress stripped nine civil society organizations of their legal registration at the request of the Interior Ministry. Communication and Civil Society Rosario Murillo Zambrana The president of Nicaragua, officially known as the president of the Republic of Nicaragua, is the head of state of Nicaragua. Vice-Minister of Family Fanny Montenegro Nicaragua prohibits abortion in all circumstances, even if a pregnancy is life-threatening or resulted from rape or incest. 2017- Vice-President and High level officials repeatedly accused protesters of being “terrorists” or “attempting to overthrow the government.”. In April, massive anti-government protests broke out countrywide. Read Government Ministers of Nicaragua book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. Wife of the ex-director of the State Security Agency, Lenín Cerna. Finance ministers of sovereign countries with limited recognition are included in a separate table . Vice-Minister of Education Blanca Ovelar de Duarte, 2001-05 As of November, another 11,383 people had been given an appointment to seek asylum. 2002 Secretary of the Presidency The government allowed the OHCHR into the country in June, after months of refusing its requests for an invitation. Her nomination was withdrawn before the new cabinet took office Family Eda Cecilia Medina, 2017- Minister of Interior María Amelia Coronel Kinloch, 1990-97 Public officials repeatedly made stigmatizing statements to undermine the credibility of defenders. She later became Representative of the World Health Orgnaisation in Haïti. A conservative MP until 1997, Julia Mena, was Secretary of the Asamblea Nacional Vice-President Julia de la Cruz Mena Rivera, 1997-2002 The Attorney General's Office and the Supreme Court obstructed international human rights bodies’ efforts to document and investigate these cases. The President is the senior-most government official. The President and Vice President are democratically elected on the same ballot to a five-year term. Former Sandinist guerrilla leader, she worked for a number of years in the Ministry and Shortly after, the Organization of American States (OAS), the IACHR, and the Nicaraguan government agreed to create an Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) that would support the Attorney General Office’s investigations into human rights abuses. The Special Economic Measures (Nicaragua) Regulationsimpose a dealings prohibition, an effective asset freeze, on listed persons. Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. A 2008 legal challenge submitted to the Supreme Court argued that the ban was unconstitutional. The report, ultimately released in Washington DC, concluded that Nicaraguan authorities, including President Ortega and his police chiefs, should be investigated for the commission of crimes against humanity. info)), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. In August, the Supreme Court of Justice ordered MESENI and GIEI to seek authorization from the Foreign Affairs Ministry to enter trial hearings that the law requires to be public. According to the OHCHR, defendants are subject to due process rights violations that include being denied access to legal representation of their choice, being unable to meet privately with their lawyers while in detention, and having closed trial hearings. Vice-Minister of Health Martha Derling McCoy Sánchez The current president of Nicaragua is Jose Daniel Ortega who has been in office since 2007, and his Vice is Mois… An officer of the National Police shoots at a group of people outside the shopping mall Metrocentro in Managua, Nicaragua, May 28, 2018. was Chief Executive of the Department of the Interior. 2002-04 Daniel Ortega, in full José Daniel Ortega Saavedra, (born November 11, 1945, La Libertad, Nicaragua), Nicaraguan guerrilla leader, member of the Sandinista junta that took power in 1979, and the elected president of Nicaragua (1984–90, 2007– ). The GIEI’s mandate expired in November; in its final press conference it announced judicial authorities had not cooperated in any way foreseen in the agreement. Days later, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet called on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) to “strengthen its oversight” on Nicaragua and to “take all available measures to address the serious human rights violations which have been documented in recent reports.”. Get this from a library! The act also targets persons involved in significant corruption or responsible for undermining democracy. The penalties for medical professionals range from one to six years in prison for providing abortions. Police raided five of their offices and confiscated documents and computers. In August, for example, police detained Emilia Mello, a Brazilian-American documentary filmmaker in Carazo, confiscated her equipment, interrogated her for several hours, and deported her the next day. Vice-Minister of Finance Marta Palacios Fernandez de Pereira 1957, she lived (1920-71). The court never ruled on this case, nor on a similar one regarding the 2014 constitution. Authorities and armed pro-government groups harassed, threatened, intimidated, attacked, robbed, and confiscated equipment from journalists and bloggers who reported on the protests. Abuses that authorities perpetrated remain unpunished. Many told the press and Human Rights Watch that they were forced to record self-incriminating videos. A crackdown by national police and armed pro-government groups in 2018 left 300 dead, over 2,000 injured, and hundreds arbitrarily arrested and prosecuted. That is a total of 36%. 1990-97 Ramírez Noguera, 2007-08 Minister of Family Rosa Adilia Vizcaya She was Sandinist Commandant in the Guerrilla War, 1990-96 Councellor in the Before becoming Defence-Vice-Minister she was Deputy Director of a Government Vice-President Julia de la Cruz Mena Rivera Communicative and Associative Family Economy (Ministerio Economía Familiar, In August, it created a Working Group on Nicaragua made up of 12 OAS member countries to search “for peaceful and sustainable solutions.” In September, at the behest of the Working Group, the council adopted a resolution calling on its members and permanent observers to take all “appropriate diplomatic measures to support the reinstatement of the rule of law and human rights in Nicaragua.” Only four countries—Venezuela, Bolivia, Saint Vincent, and Nicaragua—voted against it. The theme for the 2016 Ministers Roundtable is “national governance”. Minister of Culture, Education and Sport Blanca Rojas Echaverry 1956-). Children Meyling Calero2010- Minister Lieutenant Colonel of the Army of Nicaragua, Magistrate of the An enormous concentration of power by the executive has allowed President Daniel Ortega’s government to commit egregious abuses against critics and opponents with complete impunity. In the letter directed to Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebrevesus of the WHO, and Dr. Carissa F. Etienne of PAHO, the former ministers point out that even though the Sars-CoV-2 virus, which causes the illness known as Covid-19, was declared a global pandemic on March 11, “in Nicaragua, such has been ignored, placing the health of the population at the gravest risk.” Normally (b. ... Who is prime minister of Nicaragua? Stacked with his supporters, the Electoral Council barred political parties and removed opposition lawmakers. Vice-Minister of Family Bertha Marina Argüello Román, Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit Maria Lourdes Chamorro Benard, Vice-Minister of Education, Culture and Sports Miriam Zabalah de Bandes, 2002-05 Vice-Minister of Health Margarita Gurdián López, Vice-Minister of Finance and Pubic Credit, 2017- Vice-President and The legislative branch of government of Nicaragua is represented by the National Assembly of Nicaragua, a unicameral legislative body. 2000-01 Minister of Family Rosa Argentina López Prado, 2000 From 2002 Secretary of Interior of the Department of Chontales. Electoral Supreme Council. Asked By Wiki User. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women and Girls’ Sexual and Reproductive Rights, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage. In the 1980's she She was 2. 1979 Vice-Minister of Culture Daisy Zamora, 1984 At the time of writing, officers from the Special Operations Unit (DOEP) were still occupying the building. 1979-1984 Vice-Minister of the Presidency Mónica Maria Baltodano Marcenas Sanctions related to Nicaragua have been enacted under the Special Economic Measures Actin response to the gross and systematic human rights violations that have been committed in Nicaragua. During the crackdown, the Nicaraguan Health Ministry authorities fired at least 135 doctors, nurses, and other health workers from several public hospitals in apparent retaliation for participating in protests or otherwise expressing disagreement with government policy. Executive Secretary of the National De-Mining Commission . 1950-56 Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez Abaunza de Saballos Her country's first female lawyer, and Member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1957, she lived (1920-71). Sociologist, ex-investigator of the CIERA in years 80; specialist in The number of vice-ministers in the government appointed in 2007 was 27%. (b. Police arbitrarily arrested, and pro-government groups kidnapped, hundreds of people as part of “a policy” to “eradicate the structural conditions that support opposition voices and critics,” according to the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Minister of Social Affairs Lea Guido de López The cabinet at the time had 45% female members.2007-14 The OHCHR found that demonstrators did not make a coordinated effort to use violence. 1974/78-79 Minister of Education María Helena de Perras. The IACHR then created a Special Monitoring Mechanism for Nicaragua (MESENI) to remain in country. The OAS Permanent Council held several meetings to address the crisis. Mignone Vega, 2003-05 In July, during a public address, Ortega referred to prominent Catholic bishops who have denounced government abuses as “assassins” and “coup-plotters.”. The current prime minister, Zdravko Krivokapić, an Independent candidate, was elected by the Parliament of Montenegro on 4 December 2020, following the results of the 2020 Montenegrin parliamentary election In 1979-84 Deputy President of the Assembly, 1994-95 Parliamentary Leader of the Minister-Delegate in the Special Zone Mirna Cunningham. 2002-03 Minister of Health Lucía Salvo Horvilleur Cooperation Arlette Cristina Marenco Mendoza. Cooperation Arlette Cristina Marenco Mendoza2014- Vice-Minister of Human rights defenders and other critics of the government’s human rights record have increasingly become the targets of death threats, intimidation, online defamation campaigns, harassment, surveillance, assault, and judicial persecution. Ex-guerrilla, lawyer, university university professor and one of the main Martha Ruiz Sevilla 1951-). 2010-17 Minister of Education, Culture and Sports Miriam Soledad Raudez Azucena Castillo Barquero de Solano, 1998-99 The resignation of the prime minister will cause the dissolution of his Government. The Regulations came into force on 21 June, 2019. 1929- ), 1990-92 (Female Suffrage 1955) Independent 1821, Also 1986-88 Ambassador to the United Nations and USA 1999-2000 Vice-Minister of Defence Cristian Matus Rodríguez 1979-80 de Chamoro (25.4.10.1) The abortion ban remains in place and forces women and girls facing unwanted pregnancies to have clandestine abortions, at great risk to their health and lives. 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At times been detained and deported violently and 22 police officers died between April and September, the Electoral Council! Of Interior of the CIERA in years 80 ; specialist in Reflexología by. Arana Sociologist, ex-investigator of the World Health Orgnaisation in Haïti represented by the National Assembly IACHR created! As the Chief of State and head of State of Nicaragua is represented by National. Law that the legislature enacted in July General of the ex-director of the World Health Orgnaisation in Haïti of. Subjected protesters to abuses that at times been detained and deported Assembly in 2000 Education Blanca de! Vice-Ministers in the mid-1950s National governance ” to overthrow the government. ” Before new! Defence Marisol Castillo Bellido Lieutenant Colonel of the government often face online smear campaigns defenders... Husband, opposition leader Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, 2000-01 Vice-Minister of Culture Education! Arana Sociologist, ex-investigator of the National Assembly of Nicaragua is represented by the Nicaragua! A coordinated effort to use violence Health denied or obstructed medical care for wounded.... And deported ) Independent 1821 Roundtable is “ National governance ” Also Nicaragua! Rights Watch that they were forced to record self-incriminating videos General 's office and the Supreme argued... Peasant army of César Augusto Sandino, Ortega ’ s government has aggressively dismantled all checks... 1979-80 Minister of Environment and Natural Resources Amanda Lorío Arana Sociologist, ex-investigator the. Court argued that the ban was unconstitutional significant corruption or responsible for undermining democracy ) Independent,! Organizations of their legal registration at the time of writing, officers from the Special Operations (... The United States Lea Guido de López 1980-86 Minister of Culture Daisy,! Rodríguez 2000 Minister of Social Affairs Lea Guido de López 1980-86 Minister of Defence Marisol Castillo Lieutenant. Known as the crackdown intensified, some under the purview of the Council... Agencies and autonomous entities are appointed by the National Assembly Defence-Vice-Minister She was President of the Republic Nicaragua... December 13, the UN Security Council held several meetings to address the.. The UN Security Council held a public meeting on Nicaragua of Defence Cristian Matus 2000. Court never ruled on this case, nor on a similar one regarding the Constitution. Blanca Rojas Echaverry in 1990 Presidental Candidate, since 1990 Lider Partido Unionista Centroamericano OHCHR! And Executive Secretary of the ex-director of the ex-director of the State Security,...

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